Jargon is the special language of a group or activity. Teenagers talk in their own way. For them, ' badî means ' goodî! Athletes...let' s not even start on that!
Lawyers, like other professionals and athletes, have their own language, words that have special meaning for them and their colleagues in the business of law. Shoptalk. Jargon. Sometimes this jargon may be off putting and mysterious to others.
From apples to hands, fruit to fishing, black to blue, here are examples of common words with uncommon and precise legal meaning.
Supposedly not permitted. This occurs when a plaintiff (Π) or defendant (∆) tries to have the case heard in a particular court by a particular judge where he thinks the outcome may be better.
Black letter law: Basic legal principles, usually accepted by judges and lawyers. The roots. The foundation.
Blacklist: Illegal. A list of persons, whom the lister wishes to single outs for ostracism, boycotts avoidance, and negative publicity. It was used by employers against certain workers who participated in legal union activities; by businesses listing persons who are bad credit risks, insolvent, et cetera.
Blackmail: A crime, a form of extortion. Threatening to harm a person or his property, to accuse him of a crime, to expose damaging information about the person (even if true), or to use other similar threats in order to demand (extort) money.
Black market: Buying, trading, and selling goods and services ' under the table,î illegally, without declaring any income on the transactions-and without paying any taxes on them. Or, buying, trading, and selling goods that are illegal-contraband.
Blue chip stocks: Stocks that generally are considered to be less risky than other stocks. They are considered to be safer investments because they represent old, well-known, and well-established companies. Initially, the stocks may have sold at a hundred dollars per share- like the casino' s blue chips! Thus, the name.
Blue laws: Local or state laws that mandate the closing of certain businesses on Sunday.
Blue sky laws: State regulations of the sale of stocks. Designed to protect citizens from fraudulent companies.
Red herring: In a legal argument, an issue raised that is interesting and possibly important-but has no relevance at all to the issues of the case. It' s a diversionary tactic. Also, a prospectus sent to the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) before a stock issue. It may be copied in red - for information only!
Redlining: Unlawful as discriminatory. It' s a way to limit credit to homeowners based in certain neighborhoods. It does not take into account the creditworthiness of the specific potential property owner. Redlining used to show up on city maps - in red, often singling out minority neighborhoods.
White-collar crime: Nonviolent crimes committed by corporations, businesses, executives, public officials, and management types - all sorts of people who wear white-collared shirts and suits. These crimes may involve corruption, fraud, bribery, extortion, and other commercial crimes.